Testnets

The Lighthouse CLI has a testnet sub-command to allow creating or connecting to Eth2 beacon chain testnets.

For detailed documentation, use the --help flag on the CLI:

$ ./beacon_node testnet --help
$ ./validator_client testnet --help

Examples

All examples assume a working development environment and commands are based in the target/release directory (this is the build dir for cargo).

Start a beacon node given a validator count and genesis_time

To start a brand-new beacon node (with no history) use:

$ ./beacon_node testnet -f quick 8 <GENESIS_TIME>

Where GENESIS_TIME is in unix time.

Notes:

  • This method conforms the "Quick-start genesis" method in the ethereum/eth2.0-pm repository.
  • The -f flag ignores any existing database or configuration, backing them up before re-initializing.
  • 8 is the validator count and 1567222226 is the genesis time.
  • See $ ./beacon_node testnet quick --help for more configuration options.

Start a beacon node given a genesis state file

A genesis state can be read from file using the testnet file subcommand. There are three supported formats:

  • ssz (default)
  • json
  • yaml

Start a new node using /tmp/genesis.ssz as the genesis state:

$ ./beacon_node testnet --spec minimal -f file ssz /tmp/genesis.ssz

Notes:

  • The -f flag ignores any existing database or configuration, backing them up before re-initializing.
  • See $ ./beacon_node testnet file --help for more configuration options.
  • The --spec flag is required to allow SSZ parsing of fixed-length lists. Here the minimal eth2 specification is chosen, allowing for lower validator counts. See eth2.0-specs/configs for more info.

Start an auto-configured validator client

To start a brand-new validator client (with no history) use:

$ ./validator_client testnet -b insecure 0 8

Notes:

  • The -b flag means the validator client will "bootstrap" specs and config from the beacon node.
  • The insecure command dictates that the interop keypairs will be used.
  • The 0 8 indicates that this validator client should manage 8 validators, starting at validator 0 (the first deposited validator).
  • The validator client will try to connect to the beacon node at localhost. See --help to configure that address and other features.
  • The validator client will operate very unsafely in testnet mode, happily swapping between chains and creating double-votes.

Exporting a genesis file

Genesis states can downloaded from a running Lighthouse node via the HTTP API. Three content-types are supported:

  • application/json
  • application/yaml
  • application/ssz

Using curl, a genesis state can be downloaded to /tmp/genesis.ssz:

$ curl --header "Content-Type: application/ssz" "localhost:5052/beacon/state/genesis" -o /tmp/genesis.ssz

Advanced

Below are some CLI commands useful when working with testnets.

Specify a boot node by multiaddr

You can specify a static list of multiaddrs when booting Lighthouse using the --libp2p-addresses command.

Example:

$ ./beacon_node --libp2p-addresses /ip4/192.168.0.1/tcp/9000

Specify a boot node by ENR (Ethereum Name Record)

You can specify a static list of Discv5 addresses when booting Lighthouse using the --boot-nodes command.

Example:

$ ./beacon_node --boot-nodes -IW4QB2Hi8TPuEzQ41Cdf1r2AUU1FFVFDBJdJyOkWk2qXpZfFZQy2YnJIyoT_5fnbtrXUouoskmydZl4pIg90clIkYUDgmlwhH8AAAGDdGNwgiMog3VkcIIjKIlzZWNwMjU2azGhAjg0-DsTkQynhJCRnLLttBK1RS78lmUkLa-wgzAi-Ob5

Avoid port clashes when starting nodes

Starting a second Lighthouse node on the same machine will fail due to TCP/UDP port collisions. Use the -b (--port-bump) flag to increase all listening ports by some n.

Example:

Increase all ports by 10 (using multiples of 10 is recommended).

$ ./beacon_node -b 10

Start a testnet with a custom slot time

Lighthouse can run at quite low slot times when there are few validators (e.g., 500 ms slot times should be fine for 8 validators).

Example:

The -t (--slot-time) flag specifies the milliseconds per slot.

$ ./beacon_node testnet -t 500 recent 8

Note: bootstrap loads the slot time via HTTP and therefore conflicts with this flag.