Beacon Node API

Lighthouse implements the standard Eth2 Beacon Node API specification. Please follow that link for a full description of each API endpoint.

Warning: the standard API specification is still in flux and the Lighthouse implementation is partially incomplete. You can track the status of each endpoint at #1434.

Starting the server

A Lighthouse beacon node can be configured to expose a HTTP server by supplying the --http flag. The default listen address is 127.0.0.1:5052.

The following CLI flags control the HTTP server:

  • --http: enable the HTTP server (required even if the following flags are provided).
  • --http-port: specify the listen port of the server.
  • --http-address: specify the listen address of the server.
  • --http-allow-origin: specify the value of the Access-Control-Allow-Origin header. The default is to not supply a header.

The schema of the API aligns with the standard Eth2 Beacon Node API as defined at github.com/ethereum/eth2.0-APIs. An interactive specification is available here.

CLI Example

Start the beacon node with the HTTP server listening on http://localhost:5052:

lighthouse bn --http

HTTP Request/Response Examples

This section contains some simple examples of using the HTTP API via curl. All endpoints are documented in the Eth2 Beacon Node API specification.

View the head of the beacon chain

Returns the block header at the head of the canonical chain.

curl -X GET "http://localhost:5052/eth/v1/beacon/headers/head" -H  "accept:
application/json"
{
  "data": {
    "root": "0x4381454174fc28c7095077e959dcab407ae5717b5dca447e74c340c1b743d7b2",
    "canonical": true,
    "header": {
      "message": {
        "slot": "3199",
        "proposer_index": "19077",
        "parent_root": "0xf1934973041c5896d0d608e52847c3cd9a5f809c59c64e76f6020e3d7cd0c7cd",
        "state_root": "0xe8e468f9f5961655dde91968f66480868dab8d4147de9498111df2b7e4e6fe60",
        "body_root": "0x6f183abc6c4e97f832900b00d4e08d4373bfdc819055d76b0f4ff850f559b883"
      },
      "signature": "0x988064a2f9cf13fe3aae051a3d85f6a4bca5a8ff6196f2f504e32f1203b549d5f86a39c6509f7113678880701b1881b50925a0417c1c88a750c8da7cd302dda5aabae4b941e3104d0cf19f5043c4f22a7d75d0d50dad5dbdaf6991381dc159ab"
    }
  }
}

View the status of a validator

Shows the status of validator at index 1 at the head state.

curl -X GET "http://localhost:5052/eth/v1/beacon/states/head/validators/1" -H  "accept: application/json"
{
  "data": {
    "index": "1",
    "balance": "63985937939",
    "status": "Active",
    "validator": {
      "pubkey": "0x873e73ee8b3e4fcf1d2fb0f1036ba996ac9910b5b348f6438b5f8ef50857d4da9075d0218a9d1b99a9eae235a39703e1",
      "withdrawal_credentials": "0x00b8cdcf79ba7e74300a07e9d8f8121dd0d8dd11dcfd6d3f2807c45b426ac968",
      "effective_balance": "32000000000",
      "slashed": false,
      "activation_eligibility_epoch": "0",
      "activation_epoch": "0",
      "exit_epoch": "18446744073709551615",
      "withdrawable_epoch": "18446744073709551615"
    }
  }
}

Troubleshooting

HTTP API is unavailable or refusing connections

Ensure the --http flag has been supplied at the CLI.

You can quickly check that the HTTP endpoint is up using curl:

curl -X GET "http://localhost:5052/eth/v1/node/version" -H  "accept: application/json"

The beacon node should respond with its version:

{"data":{"version":"Lighthouse/v0.2.9-6f7b4768a/x86_64-linux"}}

If this doesn't work, the server might not be started or there might be a network connection error.

I cannot query my node from a web browser (e.g., Swagger)

By default, the API does not provide an Access-Control-Allow-Origin header, which causes browsers to reject responses with a CORS error.

The --http-allow-origin flag can be used to add a wild-card CORS header:

lighthouse bn --http --http-allow-origin "*"

Warning: Adding the wild-card allow-origin flag can pose a security risk. Only use it in production if you understand the risks of a loose CORS policy.